Dehydration Can Kill


If you have spent any time at all studying survival or prepping publications, you already know how important it is to keep enough fluids inside your body to prevent dehydration. There is no shortage of information on this topic; yet, every year (especially during Spring and Summer) thousands of people will suffer from dehydration, many succumbing to death. Because this is such a great problem, it is worth looking, once again, at what dehydration is and how you can prevent it.

In simple terms, dehydration occurs when the body puts out more fluid than is going into it. This can occur through sweating or urination, and it takes a lot less time for a person to become dehydrated than most of us imagine.

Those suffering from mild to moderate dehydration will experience the following:

  • Sticky and dry mouth
  • Sense of sleepiness or sudden tiredness
  • Unrelenting thirst
  • Decreased urine
  • Infants may have no wet diapers for three-four hours
  • Dried skin
  • Headache which can be severe
  • Constipation
  • Light-headed
  • Dizziness

Drink WaterFor those suffering from severe dehydration:

  • Extreme, unrelenting thirst
  • Extreme sleepiness in both adults and infants
  • Irritability and confusion
  • Severe dry mouth, nose, and skin
  • No urination (or very little that will be dark in color)
  • Rapid breathing and heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • No tears
  • Fever and tiredness
  • Will often result in delirium or unconsciousness

Many of those who are not familiar with the above symptoms will use the sensation of thirst as their gauge for dehydration. This is not a good idea, especially for kids who often simply forget to drink enough fluids. A better way of gauging your fluid level is the color of your urine. If it is clear or light colored, you are all right. If it is dark (often very dark), then you are already dehydrated and need to increase your fluid intake.


For mild to moderate dehydration, simply drinking more water (and resting in a shady area) will do wonders. Do not drink too fast, as this can lead to vomiting.

For severe dehydration, move the person into a shady area and get medical help as quickly as possible; if safe to do, give the person small amounts of water repeatedly, and monitor vital signs. This is a true medical emergency and the person needs to be treated by professional medics as soon as possible.

As you might imagine, prevention is the best cure. If you keep yourself, your family, and pets hydrated, you will not have to experience the effects of dehydration.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

Basic Desert Survival Tips

Desert Survival

There are few places on land as inhospitable to life as desert environments. And, yes, I said “environments,” plural. Many people believe that when we say desert we are talking about places like the Gobi or the Sahara. In reality, there are three kinds of deserts: sandy, rocky, and mountainous. Each presents its own problems and each can kill you if you are caught there unprepared.

All deserts have three things in common. If you can remember these and prepare for them, you will be ahead of the game. Deserts have little water; because of this, they have sparse vegetation, and sparse vegetation means few animals live there. While intense heat is also common with sandy and most rocky deserts, it may not be an issue in mountainous desert areas. Bitter cold at night IS an issue and one that many novices forget. Cold must be addressed before venturing into any type of desert.


The main problem with surviving in a desert is the lack of water. In those deserts that are extremely hot, water loss through perspiration is increased. Water that is lost from the body (no matter how it occurs) must be replaced.

To remain healthy, you need to have 4 quarts of water available (at a minimum) per day in a non-desert environment. So, you need at least twice that much if you are in a hot, dry setting.

Conserve your body water by traveling at night and staying out of the sun during the day as much as possible if you are in a sandy or rocky desert. Intense heat and sun are less of a problem in mountainous deserts, but use your own judgment.

It is never a good idea to discard your clothing while in any type of desert. Clothing is needed to protect you from the sun’s rays and is also needed to help keep you warm at night. Clothing can also be used for making snares, water traps, and even rescue fires, so never toss it.


If you find yourself in a desert and without food, consider eating like the animals eat. That means eating other animals, insects, reptiles, or whatever happens to cross your path. Eating animals and insects that you find will also help to replace lost water.

While it may seem macho to eat a live bug, you should resist the temptation. Why? Because a live insect can sting the inside of your mouth or throat. If that happens, your airway may close up and that will be the end of you.

In hot deserts, most animals and reptiles come out at night to hunt. You will have better success hunting at night as well. But do be careful as stepping on a snake or scorpion during the night is easy to do and many of the snakes found in deserts are poisonous. Insects, grubs, and other types of crawling bugs can be found during the day under rocks and logs. While these may be unappetizing, they do contain a lot of protein and some water.

Regardless of the type of desert you find yourself in, remember to have a tough mental attitude. If you believe you are doomed, chances are good you are doomed.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

Airsoft Gun Laws Being Debated


It can be said that it was only a matter of time before state lawmakers would begin looking at increasing the types of crimes and violations they can impose on those who use Airsoft-type guns in the commission of crimes. While many states are looking into the widening problems associated with the use of Airsoft-guns, Nebraska is, perhaps, taking the lead as they debate criminalizing the use of these types of guns when used in the commission of a crime.

There are several issues that need to be addressed. For instance, last summer a man was shot and killed when he pointed his fake weapon at police during a robbery of a fast-food store. Vice President of the Omaha Police Officer’s Association, Anthony Conner, and state lawmakers recently agreed that even though the gun was not capable of firing a real bullet, it looked so real that it caused police and others to be in fear, thus leading to the suspect being shot.

Airsoft GunThis is not an isolated case. Police in virtually every jurisdiction in America are experiencing the same types of encounters. People, some children, are being shot dead by police who cannot tell the difference between a real weapon and a fake one. Also, many criminals, who cannot get a real weapon, are now using these types of guns to commit a variety of crimes from robbery to car-jackings.

At issue in Nebraska is a new proposed law (LB14) that would make using a facsimile weapon in the commission of crime a felony. Right now, weapons charges cannot be levied against suspects who use fake guns. Because these guns look so real that even professional police officers cannot tell the difference, the level of fear that they instill in victims is no different than if a real gun were being used. This is the premise of the debate going on.

Douglas County Attorney Don Kleine said: “The fear you see with victims, whether it’s a real gun or not, it’s the same: them being terrorized.” He was testifying in support of the new bill. If passed, using a fake gun in a crime could carry with it a Class 3 felony charge.

Some lawmakers are not in favor of the new law. They say that passing this law may cause future criminals to use real guns instead of fake ones as they will have nothing to lose by doing so. They argue that leaving the law as it is allows criminals to choose to use fake guns (to avoid the weapons charges) and that is safer (for victims and police) than if real guns are used.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

Are Remington Defense Rifles Coming?

Remington Defense

It was recently announced that Remington Arms will be moving some of its futuristic defense rifles into the consumer market. These rifles will be for sale to the general public, although prices have not yet been released. The rifles, which are truly unique in appearance, were developed for military use.

Another unique feature is that Remington Defense (an arm of Remington Arms) has always developed weapons that were for exclusive use in the military, law enforcement, and some overseas agencies. Offering these new rifles to the public is a historic break in Remington Defense marketing tactics. According to a press release from Remington Defense, these weapons were developed by former Special Ops personnel with the goal of being far superior to any other hand-held defensive weapons produced by other companies or countries.

The engineering and manufacturing of the Defense weapons takes place in an area of Remington Arms that is solely devoted to these weapons. In other words, these new rifles are not “off the line” weapons, per se. This ensures that each and every weapon is of the highest quality possible, using the most advanced technology available.

Remington Defense CarbineAs it stands right now, Remington Defense is planning to offer to the public its bolt action Modular Sniper Rifles which have replaced the US Army sniper system M24; the R4 and R4GP carbine. The R4 line is designed on the AR 15 and the other weapons are based on current sniper rifles.

The MSR (Modular Sniper Rifles) have an interchangeable system of barrels that can be used for the Winchester .308 or .300 Magnum. They can also handle the .338 Lapua Magnum. Each type of cartridge can be housed in one of two types of magazines. They incorporate a free floating hand-guard, monolithic 20-MOA rail, and have a lightweight titanium receiver.

The M2010 rifles include many of the assets found in the MSR models except the interchangeable barrel feature. The weapon is chambered for the .300 Winchester Magnum. The stock is adjustable and can be folded.

As mentioned above, the R4 models are based on the AR 15 which makes them a bit more traditional than the MSR line. It will incorporate a gas system (direct impingement), 5.56 NATO barrel, and Melonite finish. There will be an E model and GP model.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

10 Common Mistakes New Preppers Make Part 2


To read part 1 of this series, click here.

Mistake 6: Think about water! You and your family will die if you do not have enough water. That is a fact. Your body can go much longer without food than it can without water. You should have at least two weeks of water on hand at all times; enough for your entire family (and pets). This emergency water is for drinking, cooking, and very light washing (face and hands, basically). In addition, within your essentials kit should be water purification items, which can be found online. You need to be able to purify your own water should normal water supplies go down unexpectedly.

Mistake 7: Do Not Forget to Include Quality Multivitamins in Your Plans. While this is not an essential, it is worth noting that if you and your family are in “survival mode” for any length of time, your bodies will need added fortification that is probably not being supplied by your emergency food stores.

Mistake 8: Pet Prep. If you have pets, you will want to consider their prepping needs as well. They, too, will need food, water, shelter, and meds in some cases. Do not assume that you will be able to get these items during an emergency. Better to be prepared now.

Mistake 9: Stay or go? It is not enough to simply have survival gear on hand, you also need to spend time considering where you will go if you need to leave your home. You will want to have at least two places that you can evacuate to if needed. And, you will also want to plan out what to do if you have to shelter in place. All of this takes time, so the sooner you begin planning, the better.

Mistake 10: Read, Read and Read Some More. It is a very good idea to begin collecting books on various survival skills that you can refer to during emergencies. These should be real, paper books as e-books will useless if the power grid goes down. A good first aid book is essential unless you are a trained medical professional. Books on hunting and trapping can be very useful as well as books on water purification, building emergency shelters, and perimeter defense tactics.

If you can avoid making these mistakes, you will be well ahead of the curve when it comes to your prepping efforts.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

Self-Storage Units: A Prepper Option

Storage Header

Most of the people who are planning for future troubled times know they need to gather supplies, food, and water right now. This can take up a lot of room. For those who live in apartments or in smaller homes, you need options for storage space. This is where self-storage units can play a role.

There are two main objections to using self-storage units. Let’s look at those first:

Objection 1: Security Concerns

It is not easy to entrust your investment to an off-site storage area. No one can say that the average storage unit company provides enough security that theft, looting, or vermin infestation will never occur. Then again, no one can say that your home will not be subject to these same problems.

Objection 2: Getting to Your Unit

The second objection is that a person may not be able to physically get to the storage unit if things go south fast. That is fair enough. But, there are ways to minimize this problem.

The Advantages of Using a Storage Unit:

Storage SideFirst, if you live in a small home, you have no other good option except to store your supplies at a family member or friend’s place that has more room and is willing to give up that space to you.

Second, it can be a benefit to have your supplies spread out geographically in case one space (such as your home) is damaged by fire or water.

Third, better quality storage companies do provide security measures, often more than what is found in the average home. This includes heavy fencing, security gates, video surveillance, and modern key pads. On-site personnel are also a benefit.

Fourth, many storage sites have available special units that are humidity and temperature controlled. Pest prevention is also taken care of at many facilities. This can be important if you are storing supplies with sensitive shelf lives.

Lastly, because these companies are so popular now, finding one that is not too far from your home should not be a problem. This can be very helpful should the roads be closed or blocked.

If you live in a small place, consider looking into a storage unit. It may be your best option if you want to begin storing supplies right away.

Antibiotics: What You Need to Know

Antibiotics Header

In times of severe trouble, keeping yourself and your family healthy will be a prime concern. Medical professionals may not be available, medical facilities may be overwhelmed, or you may not be near medical help at all. For these reasons, it is important to know about antibiotics, as these are the best ways to treat infections, which can turn deadly sooner than one might imagine.

The following is only a general information article and does not suggest dosage amounts. Always remember that the use of some antibiotics can be harmful if the person is allergic to that medication. One such antibiotic that can prove fatal if taken by those allergic to it is penicillin (and any related antibiotic)

Antibiotics that can trigger allergies are indicated with an asterisk (*).

Name of Antibiotic and Treatment Uses:

  • Antibiotics SideAmoxicillin*- Ear and Respiratory infections, STD’s
  • Amoxicillin clavulanate*- Animal bites, diabetic infections, urinary tract infections
  • Ampicillin*- GI tract infections, respiratory tract infection, STD’s
  • Azithromycin- STD, ear infection, urethritis
  • Ceftriaxone*- Urethritis
  • Cephalexin*- Ear infections, boils and lesion infections, diabetic infections
  • Ciprofloxacin- GI tract infection, STD’s
  • Co-trimoxazole- Animal bites, infected lesions and boils GI tract infection, UTI’s
  • Doxycycline- Bites, respiratory tract infection, STD’s, urethritis
  • Erythromycin- Boils and lesions, impetigo
  • Flucloxacillin*- Boils and lesions, impetigo
  • Metronidazole- Human and animal bites, STD’s, Giardia, diabetic infections
  • Nitrofurantoin- Urinary tract infections (UTI’s)
  • Norfloxacin- UTI’s
  • Ornidazole- STD, Giardia
  • Trimethoprin- UTI

As mentioned above, the use of antibiotics can be very helpful in treating infections, but it can also be lethal if not used properly.


Kansas Carry Law Changing

Kansas Header

The state of Kansas will soon allow its citizens the right to carry firearms concealed on their persons without having to obtain a carry permit. The state legislature approved the bill recently, and it is expected to be signed into law soon. A major change to the state’s current carry law is that under the new law, citizens would not have to take the mandatory firearm’s training which is currently in effect. Not everyone is happy about this change, with many lawmakers feeling this lack of training can lead to accidental shootings in the future. Republican Gov. Sam Brownback is expected to sign the bill, which was supported by the NRA (National Rifle Association).

If signed into law, the bill would move Kansas into a group of states that now have carry laws that do not require permitting first. There are now four other states which allow this; Kansas would make the fifth. Each of the 50 states have some form of carry law, but only Vermont, Alaska, Wyoming and Arizona allow for carrying without first getting a carry permit.

Kansas SideUnder the current carry law in Kansas, which was enacted in 2006, residents had to take an 8-hour training course and pay a fee of $132.50. There are currently about 87,000 people holding a carry permit (under the old law).

The new rules went through the Kansas legislature without much protest. The legislature is dominated by Republicans who have very strong leanings toward protecting gun rights. The NRA, as well as other gun-supporting organizations, helped to get the bill through both chambers.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

10 Common Mistakes New Preppers Make: Part 1

10 Things Header

In these uncertain times, many people are turning to “prepping” in order to be prepared if things go south. While there are many websites addressing the issues that preppers need to know, there is a lot of bad advice out there as well. Here are 10 mistakes that new preppers often make as they go about the business of getting ready for troubled times.

Mistake 1: Ignoring Basic Skills Knowledge. It is one thing to read all about the skills one needs to know in order to survive a post-modern world; it is yet another thing to master those skills. Reading a book on how to skin a deer is one thing; actually doing it is another. New preppers should perform as many tasks as possible in “real life” if they want to be able to handle the issues that will come up during troubled times. This includes everything from building a fire to using a map and compass.

Mistake 2: Minimal Food Selection. This is the next mistake some new preppers make. It is not uncommon for new preppers to be duped into buying bulk amounts of basic staples such as flour, beans, rice, sugar and salt. While having plenty of staples on hand is a good idea, your body and appetite will demand more variety if you are forced to live off of your food storage supply for any amount of time.

Mistake 3: Avoid Spoilage When Possible. Here is a mistake that many, many preppers make, and it costs them money. The food items that you buy and store need to be inspected for expiration dates and eaten before they go bad. There is no sense in simply allowing your investment to spoil when you can use it to your benefit. Eating from your stored food is also a good way to learn more on how to prepare various meals (now) with what you will have later. Use these opportunities as practice runs.

Mistake 4: Ignoring Other Basic Materials. There is more to survival than having plenty of food and water. You will also need to have on hand various other items such as first aid kits, prescription medications, soap, bug out bags, etc. There are many excellent lists available online to help you with selecting the essential items you will need, depending on your individual needs.

Mistake 5: Guns and Ammo. While it is important that you have enough firearms for protection and hunting, many people will go overboard and buy dozens of weapons and crates of ammo. The problem with this occurs when they ignore obtaining the other essential items they will need (food, water, survival gear, etc) in lieu of obtaining more and more weapons. A good place to start, when it comes to weapons, is to have a long gun (rifle) for hunting, and a pistol or shotgun for protection. Once you have your other essentials on hand, you can add more weapons if you feel the need to do so.

Stay tuned for part 2 of this series.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

50 Things That Will Vanish FAST in the Event of an Emergency

50 Things Header

If a severe emergency should occur, there are certain items that are going to vanish off the shelves fast. Depending on the type of emergency, it may be only days or weeks before shoppers (or looters) will take these items to help them survive. With this in mind, it may not be a bad idea to get what you need now, while you still can. This list assumes a major, long-term emergency when there is no electricity, public water and food supply line disruptions happen.

  1. 50 Things SideCanned food
  2. Bottled water
  3. Generators
  4. Lanterns
  5. Lantern fuel and mantels
  6. Candles
  7. Firearms
  8. Ammo
  9. Water filtration systems
  10. Medicine
  11. First Aid Kits
  12. Survival guide books
  13. Emergency radios
  14. Food canning items (jars, lids, etc)
  15. Dried foods (rice, beans, lentils, etc)
  16. Tarps
  17. Tents, cots, cooking grills
  18. Containers for water storage
  19. BBQ charcoal and starting fluid
  20. Baby food and supplies
  21. Propane gas cylinders
  22. Seasonal clothing, including hunting clothing
  23. Fishing rods and supplies
  24. Bottled vitamins
  25. Canned meat and fish
  26. Fuel storage containers/cans
  27. Vegetable seeds
  28. Powdered milk
  29. Lantern repair kits
  30. Tree cutting tools (axes, saws, etc)
  31. Paper products (toilet paper, paper towels)
  32. Batteries (all types)
  33. Soap, detergents, hygiene products
  34. Aluminum foil (for cooking)
  35. Blankets, sleeping bags, cots, etc.
  36. Guard dogs
  37. Pet food (all types)
  38. Matches (all types for lighting fires)
  39. Ice chests (especially insulated ones)
  40. Solar panels
  41. Spices (especially salt, pepper, garlic powder)
  42. Flashlights
  43. Work boots
  44. Hand tools (including shovels, picks, axes, etc)
  45. Duct tape (of course)
  46. Cookware (for use over open fires)
  47. Backpacks
  48. Bicycles, wagons, carts
  49. Coffee and tea
  50. Rain gear

The above are not in any particular order. All of these items, and many more, will be needed by individuals and families who plan to survive a major national or global emergency. As you might imagine, having as many of these on-hand now is a good idea, and a good investment, in your prepping scheme.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.