If you have spent any time at all studying survival or prepping publications, you already know how important it is to keep enough fluids inside your body to prevent dehydration. There is no shortage of information on this topic; yet, every year (especially during Spring and Summer) thousands of people will suffer from dehydration, many succumbing to death. Because this is such a great problem, it is worth looking, once again, at what dehydration is and how you can prevent it.
In simple terms, dehydration occurs when the body puts out more fluid than is going into it. This can occur through sweating or urination, and it takes a lot less time for a person to become dehydrated than most of us imagine.
Those suffering from mild to moderate dehydration will experience the following:
- Sticky and dry mouth
- Sense of sleepiness or sudden tiredness
- Unrelenting thirst
- Decreased urine
- Infants may have no wet diapers for three-four hours
- Dried skin
- Headache which can be severe
For those suffering from severe dehydration:
- Extreme, unrelenting thirst
- Extreme sleepiness in both adults and infants
- Irritability and confusion
- Severe dry mouth, nose, and skin
- No urination (or very little that will be dark in color)
- Rapid breathing and heartbeat
- Low blood pressure
- No tears
- Fever and tiredness
- Will often result in delirium or unconsciousness
Many of those who are not familiar with the above symptoms will use the sensation of thirst as their gauge for dehydration. This is not a good idea, especially for kids who often simply forget to drink enough fluids. A better way of gauging your fluid level is the color of your urine. If it is clear or light colored, you are all right. If it is dark (often very dark), then you are already dehydrated and need to increase your fluid intake.
For mild to moderate dehydration, simply drinking more water (and resting in a shady area) will do wonders. Do not drink too fast, as this can lead to vomiting.
For severe dehydration, move the person into a shady area and get medical help as quickly as possible; if safe to do, give the person small amounts of water repeatedly, and monitor vital signs. This is a true medical emergency and the person needs to be treated by professional medics as soon as possible.
As you might imagine, prevention is the best cure. If you keep yourself, your family, and pets hydrated, you will not have to experience the effects of dehydration.
Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.