Antibiotics: What You Need to Know

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In times of severe trouble, keeping yourself and your family healthy will be a prime concern. Medical professionals may not be available, medical facilities may be overwhelmed, or you may not be near medical help at all. For these reasons, it is important to know about antibiotics, as these are the best ways to treat infections, which can turn deadly sooner than one might imagine.

The following is only a general information article and does not suggest dosage amounts. Always remember that the use of some antibiotics can be harmful if the person is allergic to that medication. One such antibiotic that can prove fatal if taken by those allergic to it is penicillin (and any related antibiotic)

Antibiotics that can trigger allergies are indicated with an asterisk (*).

Name of Antibiotic and Treatment Uses:

  • Antibiotics SideAmoxicillin*- Ear and Respiratory infections, STD’s
  • Amoxicillin clavulanate*- Animal bites, diabetic infections, urinary tract infections
  • Ampicillin*- GI tract infections, respiratory tract infection, STD’s
  • Azithromycin- STD, ear infection, urethritis
  • Ceftriaxone*- Urethritis
  • Cephalexin*- Ear infections, boils and lesion infections, diabetic infections
  • Ciprofloxacin- GI tract infection, STD’s
  • Co-trimoxazole- Animal bites, infected lesions and boils GI tract infection, UTI’s
  • Doxycycline- Bites, respiratory tract infection, STD’s, urethritis
  • Erythromycin- Boils and lesions, impetigo
  • Flucloxacillin*- Boils and lesions, impetigo
  • Metronidazole- Human and animal bites, STD’s, Giardia, diabetic infections
  • Nitrofurantoin- Urinary tract infections (UTI’s)
  • Norfloxacin- UTI’s
  • Ornidazole- STD, Giardia
  • Trimethoprin- UTI

As mentioned above, the use of antibiotics can be very helpful in treating infections, but it can also be lethal if not used properly.


10 Common Mistakes New Preppers Make: Part 1

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In these uncertain times, many people are turning to “prepping” in order to be prepared if things go south. While there are many websites addressing the issues that preppers need to know, there is a lot of bad advice out there as well. Here are 10 mistakes that new preppers often make as they go about the business of getting ready for troubled times.

Mistake 1: Ignoring Basic Skills Knowledge. It is one thing to read all about the skills one needs to know in order to survive a post-modern world; it is yet another thing to master those skills. Reading a book on how to skin a deer is one thing; actually doing it is another. New preppers should perform as many tasks as possible in “real life” if they want to be able to handle the issues that will come up during troubled times. This includes everything from building a fire to using a map and compass.

Mistake 2: Minimal Food Selection. This is the next mistake some new preppers make. It is not uncommon for new preppers to be duped into buying bulk amounts of basic staples such as flour, beans, rice, sugar and salt. While having plenty of staples on hand is a good idea, your body and appetite will demand more variety if you are forced to live off of your food storage supply for any amount of time.

Mistake 3: Avoid Spoilage When Possible. Here is a mistake that many, many preppers make, and it costs them money. The food items that you buy and store need to be inspected for expiration dates and eaten before they go bad. There is no sense in simply allowing your investment to spoil when you can use it to your benefit. Eating from your stored food is also a good way to learn more on how to prepare various meals (now) with what you will have later. Use these opportunities as practice runs.

Mistake 4: Ignoring Other Basic Materials. There is more to survival than having plenty of food and water. You will also need to have on hand various other items such as first aid kits, prescription medications, soap, bug out bags, etc. There are many excellent lists available online to help you with selecting the essential items you will need, depending on your individual needs.

Mistake 5: Guns and Ammo. While it is important that you have enough firearms for protection and hunting, many people will go overboard and buy dozens of weapons and crates of ammo. The problem with this occurs when they ignore obtaining the other essential items they will need (food, water, survival gear, etc) in lieu of obtaining more and more weapons. A good place to start, when it comes to weapons, is to have a long gun (rifle) for hunting, and a pistol or shotgun for protection. Once you have your other essentials on hand, you can add more weapons if you feel the need to do so.

Stay tuned for part 2 of this series.

Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of Patriot Surplus.

Snow Bound At Home

Snow Bound at Home

Snow Bound At Home

Would you be able to survive being snow bound at home? Most Americans live in a world where we have power, water, heat and lights. All the niceties of a comfortable life, available at the flip of a switch. This comfortable lifestyle can be lost easier than many of us wish to imagine. For the purposes of this article, let’s look at what can happen if a severe snowstorm dumps a few feet of snow on top of you and your family. How would you survive the ordeal until life returns to normal?

Downed Power LinesA snowstorm or ice storm can shut things down fast, usually without much warning. One of the first things we tend to lose is the power. It does not take much for power lines to fail, and when they do, entire areas can be thrown back into the dark ages. When the power fails, lights go out, many types of phones go out, the heat goes off if we have electric heaters. The list goes on and on. In some areas, if the power goes out, the water pumps stop working, and you may be without water as well.

So, what can you do if you live in a home that has lost all power, communication, and possibly water? A winter storm might just kill you and your family if you do not take precautions.

Be Prepared:

How many times have we heard this bit of advice, and yet how many homes are ready to endure this type of emergency? Not many, if the truth is told. At a minimum, you should have on hand:

  • Bottled Water
  • Canned or Packaged Food
  • Kerosene Heater and Fuel
  • Flashlights, Batteries
  • Battery or Solar-Powered Radio
  • Candles

It cannot be said enough that the better prepared you are for a cold-weather emergency, the safer and more comfortable you will be. However, if you do not have what you need, you can still survive this type of emergency. Here are some tips.

First, don’t panic. For some people, this is easier said than done. However, keeping a cool head (no pun intended) is crucial as it prevents people from making bad mistakes.

Second, if you know the power will be out for an extended period, check in with your neighbors (if you have any). You may need their help, and they may need your help. It is best to make contact as soon as safely possible.

Third, if you have no heat at all (no fireplace, heater, etc.), you need to get busy right away preparing a safe place. Find the smallest room you have in the house and make it your bunker. This is where you want all people in the house to gather, even if it is a walk-in closet. If you have candles, use those to beat back the cold. They may not make you warm and toasty, but they can be useful in providing enough heat (in a small space) to keep you alive.

Fourth, bundle yourself and family in layers of warm clothing. The layering principle is important, so make sure you do it.

If you need water, the water in the back of your toilet is usually safe to drink. You don’t have to tell your family where you got it!

Use your vehicle’s heater for periodic heating, but make sure you keep the interior ventilated. If weather and safety allow, build a fire in your yard to help keep warm, but make sure someone monitors it.

Lastly, keep moving and avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol consumption can lead to dehydration, and it can draw heat from your body. When you drink, it dilates the peripheral blood vessels near your skin. This means more blood and heat flows to these vessels. That takes blood and much-needed heat away from the core of your body. Although it feels like you are warm because your skin is warm, your vital organs are not as warm as you might think they are.





What Are the Different Types of Campfires

What Are the Different Types of Campfires?

different types of campfiresIf you are an old hand at camping, you probably already know about the different types of campfires that can be used at your campsite. However, if you are not familiar with these types of campfires, this article can help you quite a bit the next time you sleep under the stars.

Safety First

Many campsites have fire rings already in place. If you have one, clean it out before you try to light your fire. If you need make a fire ring (and you DO if one is not there), clear out the dead grass and other brush where you want to light your fire. Dig or scrape down to bare earth or rock. If you are on soil, dig down a few inches and put that dirt to the side. You can use that dirt to douse a fire that threatens to get out of control. The rest of the dirt, or stones should be put around the area as a firewall.

When you are ready to light your fire, pile some tinder in the center of the ring. Tinder is very light, easy to light material. Think hay, straw, paper, etc.

Different Types of Campfires

tepee type of campfireTepee fires are the most common type of campfires, and it is good for many things including cooking. To make a tee pee fire, start by putting some tinder (light, easy to catch fire material) into the center of your fire ring; build it up like a Indian style tepee. Over the tinder, set kindling such as twigs or sticks into a tepee fashion. Over the kindling, set larger material like larger sticks and smaller logs continuing that tepee style setup. Light the tinder and kindling, and the fire will move up into the larger material.

The Cross Fire Type of Campfire

The cross fire is great for those who want a long-lasting fire, good light and heat. Lay down your kindling and tinder and add a few larger twigs to it once the first is going. Then add logs in crisscrossed fashion. Do not add too many logs at one time or you could snuff out the fire.

The Cabin Type Campfire

log cabin type campfireThis type of campfire lasts a long time and it is good for providing light and cooking. Start by setting up your kindling in tepee fashion over your tinder. Put down two logs of firewood on each side of this cone that you have made. Then, put two more pieces of firewood over these, thus making a square. Once this is done, add shorter pieces of wood on top as you build up what looks like a log cabin.

Putting Out Your Campfire

When it is time to go, make sure you put your campfire correctly. Use water to put out the fire and to cool off the ashes. If you are in a state or federal park, follow their procedures. Some parks do not want you to “drown” the fire as someone else may be coming to your site later and the ground will be too wet for them to start their fire. Once the flames are out, it is always a good idea to shovel some dirt over the area to smother any possibly remaining embers.

We hope you have found our information on the different types of campfires helpful.

Putting Together a Winter Survival Kit

Putting Together a Winter Survival Kit

survival backpackYes, in many places it is still hot as hades, but now is the time to get started on your winter survival kit. Countless Americans will put this off, even forget about doing it until it is too late. One of the best reasons for working on your winter survival kit now is that you will be able to find everything more easily because demand will be much lower for those items you need in your kit. You can also find that you can save money as many items will be on sale during the summer months.

Cold Kills – Winter Survival Kit Tips

When winter rolls around, and it will, and temps fall below freezing, humans are at risk. Every year, hundreds of people perish because they were not prepared. Your winter survival kit can save your life and the lives of those you love. These kits are not expensive, and they can be put together in little time. There is no reason not to have one.

What You Need In Your Winter Survival Kit

Let’s begin by saying that the following is a basic list. You can add whatever you like to your winter kit. Also, keep in mind that it is a very good idea to have two types of winter survival kits. One for keeping in the home should the power go out, and the second type for keeping in your vehicles (all vehicles should have their own survival kit).

Blankets, Gloves, and Hats

Few things are as important as blankets. It is imperative that you stay as warm as possible during a winter emergency, and blankets are one of the keys to your survival. Sleeping bags will also work  but they can take up a lot of room in a vehicle. If you have a smaller car, consider getting space blankets. Your vehicle kit, especially, should have extra gloves and hats.

Fire for Staying Warm and Cooking

If the power is out for any length of time, you may need to start a fire for cooking, added heat, or keeping wildlife away from you at night. Have some waterproof matches or lighters in your kits. For both home and vehicle winter kits, having a few candles on hand can be very handy.

Shovel, Survival Knife/Tool, and Traction Aids

For your vehicles, have a shovel in the trunk as well as something to help you get some traction in case you get stuck. Sand, cat litter, or tire chains will all work (in most cases). If you cannot get the chains onto the tires, lay them out as flat as possible in front of the drive wheels. This may provide enough traction to get you going again. A good survival knife or survival tool can be worth its value in gold for cutting wood, skinning game (if it comes to that), and protection.

Food and Water

You should always keep some non-perishable food in both auto and home. This can be anything from MRE’s to energy bars. Make sure you have enough food and water for everyone who normally drives or stays with you. Bottled water will last a long time if it is not opened, even so, rotate your food and water supply once every couple of months.

First Aid Kit

Every home and vehicle should have a first aid kit in it year round. You can purchase inexpensive kits just about anywhere, and they can be life-savers when needed. Make sure your first aid kit has what YOU need; add to it or buy a better kit if it does not.


A light source is very important for both home and vehicle kits. Make sure you need fresh batteries on hand. You do not want to skimp on your flashlight; get the best you can afford.

Whistle, Mirror, Red Cloth

All (or any) of these can be used to signal others that you need help. If help cannot see or hear you, they cannot help you. Sometimes it can be the simplest of things that can save your life. For more information on how to use signal mirrors, see our previous blog post on signal mirrors.

Preserving Dried Fruits

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