Battle Streamers of the United States Marine Corps: Part 9

In the ninth installment of our 10 Part Series on the Battle Streamers of the Marine Corps, we move forward in time to the present day. The Afghanistan and Iraq campaigns are covered as well as a number of streamers designated for recognition of the United States’ Global War on Terrorism.  Follow along as we take a look into modern campaigns, some of which are still ongoing, before we move on to awards of foreign countries that have been given to the United States Marines in recognition for their service in support of their operations.

Afghanistan Campaign

Established in 2004 by President George W. Bush, the Afghanistan Campaign Streamer is awarded to units in recognition of their service within the borders of Afghanistan. In order to be eligible for the streamer, the unit must have served for a period of 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days. For units that engaged in combat with the enemy or had personnel wounded or killed, the time requirement is waived and the streamer is awarded. There are five phases in which a unit may be eligible for award of the Afghanistan Campaign Streamer: Liberation of Afghanistan (Sept. 11-Nov. 30, 2001), Consolidation I (Dec. 1, 2001-Sept. 30, 2006), Consolidation II (Oct. 1, 2006-Nov. 30, 2009), Consolidation III (Dec. 1, 2009-June 30, 2011) and Transition I (July 1, 2011-Present). The streamer was first awarded in 2004 and it is still being issued today. 

Iraq Campaign

Established in 2004 by President George W. Bush, the Iraq Campaign Streamer is awarded to units in recognition of their service within the borders of Iraq. In order to be eligible for the streamer, a unit must serve for 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days. For units that engaged in combat with the enemy or had personnel wounded or killed, the time requirement is waived and the streamer is awarded. Units conducting aerial missions are also eligible for the streamer. Each day spent conducting a mission counted as a day towards receipt of the streamer. The first award of the Iraq campaign streamer was in 2003 and it was awarded to units until the conclusion of Operation New Dawn on December 31, 2011. If a unit conducted a mission within the borders of Iraq after the close of Operation New Dawn in 2011, they were not eligible for the award. There are seven phases in which a unit may be eligible for award of the Iraq Campaign Streamer: Liberation of Iraq (Mar. 19-May 1 2003), Transition of Iraq (May 2, 2003-June 28, 2004), Iraqi Governance (June 29, 2004-Dec. 15, 2005), National Resolution (Dec. 16, 2005-Jan. 9 2007), Iraqi Surge (Jan. 10, 2007-Dec. 31, 2008), Iraqi Sovereignty (Jan. 1, 2009-Aug. 31, 2010) and New Dawn (Sep. 1 2010-Dec. 31, 2011).

 Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary

Established in 2003 by President George W. Bush, the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Streamer is awarded to units in recognition of their service while deployed overseas in “direct service to the War on Terror.” Originally intended to recognize service in Iraq and Afghanistan, the streamer was replaced by the aforementioned Afghanistan and Iraq Campaign streamers, therefore the streamer is now utilized for recognition of service in areas outside of Iraq and Afghanistan in support of the War on Terror beginning on September 11, 2001 and running to present day. While the service must be performed outside of Iraq and Afghanistan, it is important to mention that the service must also be outside of the United States in a deployed status.  In order to eligible for receipt of the award, the unit must be deployed in an anti-terrorism operation for 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days. For units that engaged in combat with the enemy or had personnel wounded or killed, the time requirement is waived and the streamer is awarded. 

Global War on Terrorism

Established in 2003 by President George W. Bush, the Global War on Terrorism Streamer is awarded to units in recognition of service performed during the War on Terror. In order to be eligible for the award, a unit must serve for 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days between September 11, 2001 and present day on an anti-terrorism operation. For units that engaged in combat with the enemy or had personnel wounded or killed, the time requirement is waived and the streamer is awarded. Initially established for the “Airport Security Operation”, the streamer began to be issued for support activity on anti-terrorism operations, even if the unit did not directly participate. With the streamer being issued for the broad term “support”, the streamer became somewhat of a “blanket award” issued to most units in the armed forces who performed 30 days of duty after September 11, 2001.

Philippine Defense

The first of several foreign military streamers that the United States Marine Corps has received, the Philippine Defense Streamer is awarded to units for their support of the Philippine military during the initial resistance against Japanese invasion between the months of December 1941 and June 1942. In order to receive the streamer, the unit must have participated in “any engagement against the enemy in Philippine territory, in Philippine waters, or in the air over the Philippines or over Philippine waters.” Members of the United States Marine Corps who were captured at Bataan and endured the Bataan Death March received the individual version of this award, the Philippine Defense Medal.

Philippine Liberation

The Philippine Liberation Streamer is a Philippine military award issued to recognize service performed during the liberation of the Philippine Islands. The streamer was awarded to units of both the “Philippine Commonwealth and allied militaries, who participated in the liberation of the Philippine Islands between the dates of October 17, 1944 and September 2, 1945.” In order to receive the streamer, the unit must have performed duty in the Philippines for a minimum of 30 days. Other qualifications for the award include participation in: “the initial landing operation of Leyte and adjoining islands from October 7 to October 20, 1944” as well as “any engagement against hostile Japanese forces during the Philippine Liberation Campaign of October 17, 1944 to September 2, 1945.”

Join us next week as we cover the: Philippine Independence, French Croix De Guerre, Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Korean Presidential Unit Citation, Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces Meritorious Unit Citation of the Gallantry Cross and Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Actions streamers. Be sure to check out the previous editions of our 10 part series below as well.

PART 1  PART 2  PART 3   PART 4  PART 5  PART 6  PART 7  PART 8

Tyler Berg About Tyler Berg
Tyler has over ten years of experience in the military and tactical industry. The son of company founder Steve Berg, Tyler grew up assisting with the business and absorbing everything about the industry. Having recently graduated from college with a degree in Business and Communications, Tyler has joined our team full time. Follow Tyler as he shares fresh perspectives on everything from military history to cutting edge tactical gear.

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